Glycosyltransferase Slr1064 Regulates Carbon Metabolism by Modulating the Levels of UDP-GlcNAc in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
    作者: Yuling Han, Haitao Ge, Congzhuo Xu, Gang Zeng, Zhen Li, Xiahe Huang, Yuanya Zhang, Zhipeng Liu, Yingchun Wang, Longfa Fang
    刊物名称: New Phytologist
    Glycosyltransferases (GTs) are enzymes that transfer sugars to various targets. They play important roles in diverse biological processes, including photosynthesis, cell motility, exopolysaccharide biosynthesis, and lipid metabolism; however, their involvement in regulating carbon metabolism in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 has not been reported.
    We identified a novel GT protein, Slr1064, involved in carbon metabolism. The effect of slr1064 deletion on the growth of Synechocystis cells and functional mechanisms of Slr1064 on carbon metabolism were thoroughly investigated through physiological, biochemistry, proteomic, and metabolic analyses.
    We found that this GT, which is mainly distributed in the membrane compartment, is essential for the growth of Synechocystis under heterotrophic and mixotrophic conditions, but not under autotrophic conditions. The deletion of slr1064 hampers the turnover rate of Gap2 under mixotrophic conditions and disrupts the assembly of the PRK/GAPDH/CP12 complex under dark culture conditions. Additionally, UDP-GlcNAc, the pivotal metabolite responsible for the O-GlcNAc modification of GAPDH, is downregulated in the Δslr1064.
    Our work provides new insights into the role of GTs in carbon metabolism in Synechocystis and elucidate the mechanism by which carbon metabolism is regulated in this important model organism.